“Durian Capital of the Philippines”
Davao was but a small village consisted by various organized barangays. It was ruled by Datu Bago. This chieftain held his settlement near Davao River.
The first recorded attempt of the Spaniards to posses the place was when Don Jose Cruz de Uyanguren, native of Vergara, Guipuzcoa, Spain, together with other 70 men and women. Uyanguren, with his party, planned to defeat Datu Bago for them to get the place. As they were passing the narrow channel of the Davao River bend, their ship was outmaneuvered. Three months later, still in the plot to dethrone the Datu and to subject the whole place to subjection, Datu Bago’s warriors attacked them which resulted to a battle. Few weeks after, Don Manuel Quesada, the Navy General of Zamboanga, arrived with a company of infantry and joined in the attack against Datu Bago’s settlement. When Datu Bago was defeated, they renamed the whole region as Nueva Guipuzcoa and founded the town Nueva Vergara, which is Davao now, in the year 1848. He became the first governor.
Nueva Vergara continued to progress as many people engaged to local businesses. The few numbers of Catholic converts however made Marquis de Solana, under Governor General Blanco’s order, to replace Uyanguren in the position. The natives continued to send petition to the local government to rename the place as “Davao”. Fortunately, their request was granted.
Davao continued to progress even in the arms of the next invaders, American and Japanese. Because of the increasing influence of the Japanese in the trade and economy of the region, town of Davao was converted into a city in march 16, 1936.
Population/ Language/ Area
Estimated population of Davao City as of 2011 was 1,530,365 and a land area of 2,444 km2 (944 sq mi). People living in the city are a mixture of Filipino, Chinese, Spanish, Japanese, Korean and Arabic races. Inhabitants, who speak mainly Cebuano as their native language, are called as Davaoeños.
Products and Services
Davao City is a leading producer of mangoes, pomeloes, bananas, coconut products, papayas and mangosteens. Durians are also one of the most notable export products of the city has since become an informal icon for Davao that it has been nicknamed, The Durian Capital of the Philippines.
Davao City is considered the primary financial hub of Mindanao.One Network Bank is based in the city and is the largest rural bank in the Philippines in terms of assets, most of them located throughout the provinces of Mindanao, including seventeen localities where it is the sole provider of financial services. Government-controlled social insurance agencies like Social Security System and Government Service Insurance System also operate in Davao.
The Philippine Eagle, the country’s national bird and considered the largest eagle in the world, is endemic to Davao. The orchid species Waling-waling and fruits like the durian and mangosteen are also popular flora in the city. The city also has several tourist destinations like the Philippine Eagle Foundation and Nature Center, Mt. Apo, Davao Crocodile Farm, and Pearl Farm Resort, among others.
There are two major festivals that are held twice a year in Davao City: the Araw ng Dabaw (Day of Davao) which is held every March 16, Davao’s cityhood day, and the Kadayawan Festival, held during August.