One can trace the history of Cadiz from the establishment of a traditional settlement in a place known as Cadiz Viejo, near the banks of Hilaton River. According to historical records, it was on 1861 when Spaniards came and named the settlement as Cadiz because of its northern location which reminded them of the seaport by the same name in Spain.
Cadiz became a municipality independent from Saravia (now E.B Magalona) in 1878. When the Spanish-American War broke up, people of Cadiz took part in the insurrection.
At the onset of American rule, Cadiz was on its way to prosperity with the operation of two lumber companies in the area. The war years brought a stop to all these economic activities and much suffering to the people of Cadiz. The resistance movement put up the civil government in the mountains to deal with civilian affairs.
On July 1967, Cadiz was inaugurated as a city by virtue of Republic Act No. 4894 which was passed by Congress on June 17, 1967.
Population/ Language/ Area
According to the 2010 population census, Cadiz City has a total population of 151,500. These people mainly speaks Hiligaynon as their native language while there are also some who speak Cebuano. Land area, covers a total of 524.57 km2 (202.54 sq mi). It represents 6.5% of the total land area of the province.
Cadiz is generally used for rural community. Of all the 69,000 hectares of land area, 35,955.1728 hectares are classified as agricultural land, 16,972.446 as open grassland; 11,621 hectares as forest; 1,028.8215 hectares as aqua-culture; 3,229.8794 hectares as built-up; and 192.6803 hectares as industrial land.
Industries that can be developed in the city include food processing especially sugar-based foods, meat and fish processing. The manufacture of furniture, clothing and fashion accessories, jewelry, personal care and other consumer goods are encouraged. The establishment of commercial complexes and tourist facilities are welcomed in this city.
- Lakawon Island White Sand Beach
- Cadiz Catholic Church